Planting Trees and Shrubs




Step 1: Dig a hole no deeper than the root-ball, but at least three times as wide. This gives roots room to spread.

Step 2: Mix the soil from the hole with equal parts soil conditioner and humus or compost. Adding organic matter enriches soil, loosens clay, and improves drainage.

Step 3: Before planting, use a trowel to split the root-ball 4 to 6 inches up from the bottom. This encourages rooting into the surrounding soil. *Boxwoods are an exception. Try to disturb boxwood roots as little as possible during planting.

Step 4: Planting too deeply is a common mistake. Make sure the top of the root-ball is about an inch above the soil surface.

Step 5: Backfill with the soil mix, and then gently tamp it down around the root-ball with your foot. The top inch of the ball should still be visible.

Step 6: Water well to settle the soil and remove air pockets. Then apply a 2-inch layer of mulch, covering the top of the exposed root-ball.